It aims to accurately measure these elements of trade flows, so that the decisions associated with them can be properly designed and implemented to improve these performance. 2) The reduction in tariffs has resulted in the level of import duties, with regard to compliance with customs and border formalities, becoming equivalent to, or even lower, equivalent to that of transaction costs (TTC), the latter being estimated on different data between 1.5% and 15% of transaction value. The cost of trade transactions is therefore considered to be the main obstacle to trade under the conditions of market access liberalization. Shortly before the Ministerial Conference in Bali in December, the development process, with the direct assistance of the Director-General, had resulted in a quasi-clean text. Until now, differences of opinion have been limited to a small number of members who were able to find a solution at a bilateral meeting that allowed them to return as members. The former litigation and discontent groups such as S-D and Customs Cooperation were now in brackets. Although the trade facilitation agreement has not yet been fully finalized by the Ministerial Conference, it was in good shape to be brought to and concluded. The ministerial conference led to new rounds of negotiations and differences of opinion, but the members finally reached agreement on a text on the agreement. After a decade of negotiations, the WTO finally concluded its trade facilitation agreement at the end of 2013, which was extended to 2014.
 Thus, the result of the Time Release study will be of great use to both the export-oriented industry and to micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs). With TRS, the sector is witnessing the standardization of trade processes in the country viz-a-viz international standards. The 2015 World Trade Report provides an overview of the different definitions of trade facilitation between universities and international organizations and contrasts them with the scope of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement reached in December 2013.  The WTO TFA has become a new basis for trade facilitation and many countries are working to implement measures beyond the measures outlined in this agreement to maintain a competitive advantage in global markets.  In particular, most countries have focused their trade facilitation efforts on the establishment of individual electronic windows and other paperless trading systems to further reduce trade costs.  Currently, the cost of international trade is about $2 trillion.  This situation is due to a number of factors, including unnecessary customs procedures, marginal taxes and unnecessary duplication.  The economic benefits of the Trade Facilitation Agreement are not yet fully discernible and measured. However, estimates of the economic benefits resulting from the agreement are widespread. Estimates range from about $68 billion to nearly $1 trillion per year. According to the OECD, the Trade Facilitation Agreement has the capacity to reduce trade costs by 14.1% for low-income countries, 12.9% for middle-income countries and 12.9% for middle-income countries by 14.1%.
This would indicate a series of gains of about $9 to $133 per year per person on the planet. These large margins indicate that there are still some uncertainties related to the trade agreement.  Trade facilitation has its intellectual roots in the areas of logistics and supply chain management. Trade Facilitation examines operational improvements at the interface between the company and the government and related transaction costs. Trade facilitation has become a key component of supply chain security and customs modernization programs.