Perhaps the final question is whether Brexit could lead the people of Northern Ireland to vote in favour of leaving the UK and join a united Ireland, for which the Good Friday Agreement allows it. Since the Brexit vote in 2016, Northern Ireland`s nationalist and republican leaders have called for a referendum. This would require the approval of London and a separate vote in the Republic of Ireland. Sinn Fein has said it will refuse to join a government that is not starting to hold such a referendum, and its electoral success has put that possibility first. In the Good Friday Agreement, the UK government pledged to reduce the number and role of armed forces deployed in Northern Ireland, as well as the elimination of security measures and emergency powers in Northern Ireland. At the time of the signing of the peace agreement in April, an estimated 17,200 British troops were deployed and increased by 800 during Northern Ireland`s marching season in July. It has been reported: 3″The Good Friday Agreement – Security”, BBC News, May 2006, consulted on 31 January 2013 www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/policing/security… – Encouraging the parties to reach an agreement so that this commitment is supported by a new assembly that takes into account the wishes and sensitivities of the Community. The Good Friday Agreement provided for a 108-member elected assembly in Northern Ireland. The Assembly would be able to exercise executive and legislative powers and protect the rights and interests of all parts of the Community.
In accordance with the agreement, the assembly should be elected using the Single Transfer Voting System proportionally representative. In the spirit of safeguarding the interests and rights of all parties, the agreement also called for the proportional distribution of Committee members in the Assembly. In the context of political violence during the riots, the agreement forced participants to find “exclusively democratic and peaceful means to resolve political differences.” It took two aspects: 2 There is a general consensus that the UK`s exit from the European Union will have a negative impact on the Irish and Northern Irish economies, as well as on cross-border trade and relations between Ireland and Northern Ireland, particularly in some sectors heavily dependent on trade, such as agri-food. However, if a general agreement has still not been reached between the political parties London, Brussels, Dublin and Northern Ireland on the status of the Irish border after Brexit, it is not only because of these potentially negative socio-economic effects. This is mainly due to the fact that the current soft border system is an integral part of a very complex constitutional and institutional order, created by the 1998 Good Friday Agreement (GFA) and ratified by two simultaneous referendums in Ireland and Northern Ireland. Therefore, it can rightly be argued that the reason the Irish border is so controversial today is because the GFA has not provided a real and consensual solution to the unwelcome question of the very status of the Irish border.