Sleep problems were assessed using two different questionnaires. The parents completed the German version of the Children`s Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) [45.46]. The children completed the German version of the Sleep Self Report (SSR), adapted from the CSHQ [15.47]. The agreement between these two questionnaires had already been the subject of an earlier study . Here, we focused on two of the questions asked in exactly the same way in the two questionnaires, one on the frequency of short sleep duration and the other on the frequency of sleep disturbances. The answers to these questions should be provided on a three-tier scale. The categories of responses were “generally (5-7 times a week), “sometimes (2-4 times a week) ” and “rare (never or once a week)”). The central objective of this study was to study how parental reactivity and psychological control help predict children`s mood and emotional resilience beyond the parental relationships of these constructs. First, the parents` and children`s reports of mood and emotional resilience in this first adolescent sample were only moderately correlated with hypotheses.
This is consistent with previous studies, which indicate that parents may have difficulty fully recognizing the symptoms that internalize children [5, 8, 12, 14]. Parents may be reluctant to notice or recognize worrying mood symptoms in their child, at least in part, because of the distress that this knowledge can cause to their parents. But for the first time, we also show that parents` and children`s relationships on children`s emotional resilience, a positive emotional construct, are also moderately related, suggesting that parents may disagree when it comes to becoming aware of a child`s positive emotional function. We would like to thank all the parents and teachers who participated in this study. We also thank the nurses at the participating pediatric health centres and all CHAP colleagues for their assistance in data collection. For a better overview of the chord/disagreement categories, we conclude for each point the number of times the children and parents chose the same response category (“child-parent”), the number of times the parent chose a more isolated response category than the child (“parent > child”), and the number of times the child chose a higher response category than the parent (“child >”).