1975 Iran Iraq Agreement

C. The two sides are cooperating in the development of aerial photographs of the land border between Iran and Iraq for use for border representation on 1:25,000 scale maps showing the positions of the border marks. This work was completed within a maximum of one year, effective May 20, 1975, without prejudice to the entry into force of the Treaty, of which it is an integral part of this protocol. The parties were committed to implementing the Algiers Agreement on State Borders and Neighbouring Relations between Iran and Iraq of 13 June 1975 with great care. (b) to record as accurately as possible the entire land border between the two countries on the 1:50,000 scale maps; it is assumed that these cards will have been transmitted to the Iraqi party and Algerian representatives before 5 April 1975; furthermore, it is considered that this 1:50,000 scale deck of cards will have a band at least four kilometres wide that extends along the border; In addition, a series of aerial photographs are made available to them for the creation of these maps; The agreement, commonly known as the Algiers Agreement, was signed in 1975 and aimed to settle border disputes between Iran and Iraq. It served as a roadmap to improve relations between the two countries. In view of the sincere desire of both sides, as expressed in the Algiers communiqué of 6 March 1975, to reach a definitive and lasting solution to all the problems that arise between the two countries, Iran and Iraq, Iran and Iraq announced a resumption of the Algiers Agreement signed in 1975 in order to resolve the long-standing border disputes that have led to several clashes between the two States. Article 13. The border commissioners agree, in an area of two kilometres on either side of the common border, designate contact points and points of contact for the exchange of letters and the provision of people and goods. The points of contact are defined at the first meeting of border commissioners after this agreement comes into force.

10. The next meeting will take place on 17 April 1975 in Baghdad. In May 1974, Iraq and Iran began marking the Shatt al-Arab (Arvand Rud) border between them. At the 1974 Arab League summit, representatives of the Iranian government participated in a meeting with Iraqi representatives through King Hussein of Jordan. [12] Talks between the two countries continued sporadically, with Iraq reluctant to abandon the territory allocated to it by the 1937 Treaty. Iran has stepped up its support for the Kurds, which has greatly exacerbated the Iraqi army`s problems. Saddam Hussein and Mohammad Reza Pahlavi attended the OPEC summit in Algiers on 6 March 1975, where an agreement was reached and signed under the aegis of Houari Boumediene, then president of the Revolutionary Council of Algeria.